Detection of Melamine in Milk Detection of Melamine in MilkMelamine is an organic base that is widely used in plastics, adhesives, dishware and whiteboards. However, in China, it is sometimes illegally added into milk powder, liquid milk and other dairy products to increase the apparent protein content. A WHO white paper published in the wake of the 2008 Chinese milk scandal concluded that ingesting melamine can lead to the formation of kidney stones and other kidney damage. In 2012, The UN food standards body, Codex Alimentarius Commission, lowered the maximum limit for dairy products to 0.15mg/kg.